What are the differences between Beer, Ale, and Hard Ciders?!

Question: What are the differences between Beer, Ale, and Hard Ciders!?
Curious, considering they all are brewed similarly!.
Is the only difference the ingredients!? Www@FoodAQ@Com

Funny, good job!.


Yes the main difference between beer and ciders is the ingredients!. But also processing can be considered in differentiating them!.

Beer = Ales & Lagers
Cider = Fermented Apple/pear juice!.

Ingredients/Production Techniques/Fermentation & Aging Temperatures and Time/Basically, Fruity Esters for Ales and none for lagers

Ciders are wone-like in flavor and composition when compared to beer!.

Ales tend to be very complex, flavorful and aromatic!.

Lagers tend to be crisp, malty and clean!.

If beer is the topic then we can start with the 2 categories or types of beer, ales and lagers!.

The best way to discern the types of beer is to not consider just one thing but the many that shape the many styles of both!.

Both ales and lagers (types of beer) have many styles!. Both are either light or dark!. Both can have little or a lot of alcohol!. Both can be light or dark in color!. Both can be thick or thin in body/mouthfeel!.
So then, what is the difference between the ales and lagers (beer)!?

Styles (for a of styles list)
Click Full Guidelines

It has to do with the ingredients and how they are processed into an ale or lager!.

Beer styles, whether they are ales or lagers, have been molded by the type and quality of ingredients available to the brewer!. The hard water of England for example, was an influence on the beers of that nation!. Whereas, the water in continental Europe (CE) are generally more soft (less minerals) and lend to the development of the smooth qualities of lager beers brewed there!.
The grain (barley) was also handled in different ways!. The ales of England were the beers that all brewers made in an infusion-mash method!. Where the barley was steeped at a single temperature (mashing)!. Later developments in CE in the mash procedures developed smoother beers by reducing protein size!. The process called decoction mashing involves the brewer to take a fraction of the steeping mash (barley + water) and boil it!. This was added back to the main mash raising its temp!. This was repeated until complete protein and carbohydrate degradation was accomplished!. {NOTE: Today most all beers use a variety of two-row barley that is very low in protein rendering protein rest (decoction mashing) obsolete}

Finally, the yeast plays a role in an ale or lager (beers) by its action in fermenting sugar to ethyl alcohol (ethanol) and carbon dioxide (CO2)!. Although we categorize yeast by its action upon fermentation as to aggregate to the top or bottom of a vessel!. The lager yeast tend to settle to the bottom and the ales yeast to the top!. Thus the designation top or bottom fermenting yeast!. Yet, the main concern is the volatile chemicals that they produce!. In ales the sweet esters are more desirable and it is that these top fermenting yeast do produce them!. In many lagers (bottom ferment) they are not welcome and in some lagers their specific yeast strain produce phenolic compounds that are perceived as clove!. So the yeast employed by the brewer has a profound effect on the beers flavor as an ale or lager!. also the temperature used to ferment the beer has profound effects on the flavors produced in the final beer!. Lager is generally fermented at cool temp!. (below 48 F) whereas ales use a warm temp!. (55-70 F on average)!. Lagers, in large part due to the fermentation temperatures, require long rest or "lagering" regime to mature the beer flavor!.

In all the styles of ales and lagers (beers) have many characteristics in common!. The methods employed in their production are distinct!.

Finally-finally, the flavors that define a style are influenced by the above ingredients and methods which vary from country and region!.

Poj?me na pivo!.
Koupit mne jeden pivo!.Www@FoodAQ@Com

Ingredients are part of it!. Cider is most different, being fermented from apples, often with champagne yeast!. Ale is a type of beer!. It differs from lager in the strains of yeast used and the temperature for fermentation!. There are a few exceptions, such as California Common!. However all beers are made from grains, yeast, water and (almost always) hops!.Www@FoodAQ@Com

Wow, the Broxton guy actually answered a beer question correctly for once!. This self-proclaimed *expert* loves to recite personal opinion for fact like Republicans spread hate and fear for truth!.

Good job Broxton, at least this answer couldn't be looked up on wikipedia, OH, OOPS!. I guess it can !. !. !.Www@FoodAQ@Com

ale is a type of beer!. It is heavier and has more flavors and tastes!. If by beer you mean lager (bud, coors, heineken etc!.) Those are meant to be more drinkable and refreshing and light!. hard cider is just alcoholic juice pretty much with spices and things added!.Www@FoodAQ@Com


yes, and the slight difference in the way they are brewed!.
Cider is the most different because it is apple (or pear)Www@FoodAQ@Com

Yes, and each has its own unique taste!.Www@FoodAQ@Com


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