What microbes would make wine go bad during fermentation?!

Question: What microbes would make wine go bad during fermentation!?
its for homework please answer before WednesdayWww@FoodAQ@Com

Certain yeast (wild-uncultured yeast) and bacteria!. Some times certain molds/moulds spoil wine!.


I borrowed this from a site!. (Saves me time)

Brettanomyces is widely distributed in winery environments!. They produce high concentrations of volatile acids, esters, and the volatile phenols 4-ethylphenol (4EP) and 4-ethylguaiacol (4EG)!. These volatile phenols are largely responsible for off-flavors or taint associated with Brettanomyces!.

Zygosaccharomyces is a spoilage yeast that is tolerant of high sugar concentrations and is resistant to sorbate!. It is commonly found throughout the winery environment and is often associated with grape juice concentrates that are used to adjust color and sugar in final wine blends!. The yeast can cause turbidity and CO2 gas in bottled wines!.

Pichia is a wild yeast that is often present at high levels on incoming fruit!. Pichia can initiate fermentation, resulting in production of high levels of volatile acids, including acetic acid and ethyl acetate!. These yeast have been associated with films formed in barrels and tanks during storage!.

Hanseniaspora Hanseniaspora is a wild apiculate yeast that is often present at high levels on incoming fruit!. Hanseniaspora can initiate fermentation in the must and produce high levels of volatile acids, including acetic acid and ethyl acetate!. It has been associated with acid rot in grapes infected by Botrytis cinerea!. Population levels usually decline as alcohol concentration increases!.

Pediococcus is one of the common malolactic bacteria found in wine!. They may produce polysaccharides that cause undesirable texture defects!. Pediococcus are unusually adept at generating biogenic amines, such as histamine putrescine and cadaverine!. !. Although biogenic amines are not currently regulated in the United States, legislation in the European Union, Australia and Switzerland is a forewarning of future export hurdles!.

Lactobacillus is another malolactic bacteria commonly found in wine!. They may produce high concentrations of diacetyl often causing undesired buttery flavors!. Lactobacillus is also notorious for producing acetic acid in a short period of time – often in a matter of a few days!. This can occur readily during sluggish or stuck fermentations!. These bacteria have also been implicated in the production of mousy flavor!.

Acetic acid bacteria are commonly associated with grapes and the winery environment!. The two groups of acetic acid bacteria detected are Gluconobacter and Acetobacter!. These bacteria can generate acetic acid in the absence of SO2 and in the presence of oxygen!. These organisms can cause elevated volatile acidity in wines exposed to air!. The presence of acetic acid bacteria indicates that wine conditions may support the growth and activity of other spoilage yeast and bacteria!.




These should be enough for your needs!. Happy reading/study!.

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Koupit mne jeden pivo!.


Yeast is the most important microbe when considering alcoholic beverages because it ferments sugars to alcohol!. The list of bad microbes have been covered already!.

Acetobacter bacteria ferments the alcohol (ethyl) to acetic acid in producing vinegar not a fly!.

Epicurious' food dictionary defines Mother of Vinegar as: A slimy, gummy substance made up of various bacteria — specifically mycoderma aceti — that cause fermentation in wine and cider and turn them into vinegar!. Known as mère de vinaigre in French and sometimes simply as "mother" in English, its growth is best fostered in a medium-warm environment (60°-85°F)!. The mother should be transferred to a new mixture or discarded once the liquid has turned to vinegar!.Www@FoodAQ@Com

there's something called a vinegar fly that lit turns alcohol to vinegarWww@FoodAQ@Com

grape bore remantsWww@FoodAQ@Com

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